In 2009, in collaboration with Adif, an innovation project was developed in relation to prefabrication in construction of buildings to provide service to passengers in railway stations, which can be exported to other means of transport, by designing a single unified solution for station projects executed in series. This research led to the development of a prefabricated architectural element that serves as an intermodal transfer facility between two different modes of transportation. Architectural Transit Module (A.T.M.)
The characteristics of the ATM are based on a concept of Refuge and Industrialized Construction, where passengers using the transportation systems, preferably public systems, change from one mode to another or simply transfer within the same mode.
Its basic programme consists of:
- Passenger waiting areas, enclosed or open to the outdoors, with visibility, located in both directions of travel
- Access control: Access turnstiles
- Ticket sales and Information: Ticket vending machines, ATM Information.
- Restrooms: Combinations of booths depending on the project needs and requirements.
- Control installations of the ATM: Centralization of the installations needed for the control of the station
- Storage elements for bicycles and lockers
Also, the use of passive and active energy saving systems will reduce the energy maintenance costs of the ATM.
As a specific proposal, a design based on the following aspects has been developed:
- Programming bands interconnected by means of transit bands that allow travel in both directions to connect two different modes of transport.
- Programming bands made up of management cores and transportation waiting cores. These can be expanded indefinitely based on the needs expressed by the client.
- Modular patterned architecture that integrates and solves structure, foundation and spatial use requirements (1.40 m).
- Connection of programming bands and transit bands by means of structural boxes, arranged perpendicularly to the transit bands and which allow different types of covering, improving the spatial diversity of the project and providing control over the amount of light and weather of the passive energy saving systems.